A World History of Rubber: Empire, Industry, and the Everyday
Stephen L. Harp
an international historical past of Rubber is helping readers comprehend and achieve new insights into the social and cultural contexts of world creation and intake, from the 19th century to this day, throughout the interesting tale of 1 commodity.
Divides the insurance into topics of race, migration, and hard work; gender on plantations and in factories; call for and daily intake; global Wars and nationalism; and resistance and independence
Highlights the interrelatedness of our global lengthy prior to the age of globalization and the worldwide social inequalities that persist today
Discusses key suggestions of the 19th and 20th centuries, together with imperialism, industrialization, racism, and inequality, in the course of the lens of rubber
presents an attractive and obtainable narrative for all degrees that's packed with archival study, illustrations, and maps
Acknowledgments ix Timeline xi worldwide Rubber and Tire businesses xvii advent: Why Rubber? 1 worldwide Connections eight 1 Race, Migration, and hard work 10 Wild Rubber and Early eleven Wild Rubber and Empire 14 Plantations growth: Rationality and potency 17 Plantation Hierarchies 21 Race and within the usa and Europe 29 2 ladies and Gender on Plantations and in Factories forty Gendering the Jungle and the Plantation forty two Asian ladies on Plantations forty four eu girls and Racism forty eight The Colonizing girl 50 Gendered construction within the usa and Europe fifty two Rubber and intercourse in Indochine fifty six three call for and daily intake sixty one daily intake on Southeast Asian Plantations sixty two category and intake in North the US and Europe sixty four Race and intake in Europe and North the US sixty eight Gender and intake in Europe and North the US seventy one Gendering copy seventy seven four international Wars, Nationalism, and Imperialism eighty three global struggle I eighty four See the USA First on sturdy Roads 86 Flying for the country 88 proscribing Rubber within the Wake of warfare ninety American Assertions: Herbert Hoover and US alternate ninety one Firestone and acquaintances ninety four Firestone in Liberia ninety six Germany: Colonies and chemical substances ninety nine global conflict II and the united states Scramble for Rubber 102 Nazi Racism and Buna at Auschwitz one hundred and five Imperialism and Nationalism within the Wake of worldwide warfare II 107 five Resistance and Independence 111 Plantations and Resistance 112 international financial drawback and Plantation exertions 118 good fortune of the Smallholders one hundred twenty Plantations lower than the japanese 124 Independence and Decolonization 126 United Rubber staff 131 end: Forgetting and Remembering Rubber 137 advised Readings 142 Index 157
vehicles changed buggies and, like in different places on the earth, the making of tires for autos turned the biggest call for for rubber. person managers and assistants acquired cars in an effort to permit leisurely get away from plantations. Europeans in Southeast Asia sought aid from the warmth at hill stations, mountain motels with the cool, much less humid air presumed beneficial for the upkeep of eu well-being “in the tropics.” cars made most of these speedy day journeys attainable.
staff’ resistance turned very unlikely while Suharto seized keep watch over of Indonesia within the Nineteen Sixties and violently stamped out left‐leaning businesses, together with exertions unions. the united states govt supported Suharto’s regime simply because he was once v irulently anti‐communist. Goodyear and lots of different overseas corporations maintained a few of their plantations, p rofiting from the “stability” provided via the regime. different plantations have been bought off, besides the fact that, because the hazards of without delay possessing plantations now passed the.
Officials observed the continuing army motion because the “emergency,” a time period that allowed plantation proprietors to gather assurance funds for destruction (insurance rules didn't supply safety in the course of “time of war”). competitors have been dubbed communist “terrorists” or “bandits,” labels that made insurgents’ activities look illegitimate and unlawful: As J. D. Higham, head of the Colonial Office’s japanese division, famous in a letter in November 1948, “It has been made up our minds that the legal.
Frances Gouda, eds. Domesticating the Empire: Race, Gender, and kin lifestyles in French and Dutch Colonialism. Charlottesville, VA: college Press of Virginia, 1998. a hundred and forty four Suggested Readings Clarence‐Smith, William. “The Rivaud‐Hallet Plantation workforce within the fiscal Crises of the Inter‐War Years.” In inner most firms in the course of fiscal Crises: strategies and methods. Edited by means of Pierre Lanthier and Hubert Watelet. Ottawa: Legas, 1997, pp. 117–132. Clarence‐Smith, William. “La SOCFIN (Groupe.
Ho Chi Minh, a hundred thirty Holsoe, Svend E., a hundred and forty Hooker, Joseph Dalton, 17 Hoover, Herbert, xiv, eighty three, 91–95 housing in Akron, 29–33 at Michelin, 34 on plantations, 24, forty six, 128 IG Farben, 100–101, 105–109 Incas, 12 159 Index independence pursuits, 92–93, 126–130 Indochina colonial coverage in, 27–29 hill station in, sixty three Michelin in, 29, 34, 115–117 plantations in, xiv, 4–6, 19–20, 35–37, 40–52, 113–119, one hundred thirty and rubber restrict, ninety one in the course of global conflict II, 102, 124–125, 130 Indochine, 40–52 Indonesia, xv–xvi,.