An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, And Ethnic Slurs in the English-speaking World

An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, And Ethnic Slurs in the English-speaking World

Geoffrey Hughes


this is often the one encyclopedia and social historical past of swearing and foul language within the English-speaking international. It covers many of the social dynamics that generate swearing, foul language, and insults within the complete variety of the English language. whereas the emphasis is on American and British English, the several significant international kinds, comparable to Australian, Canadian, South African, and Caribbean English also are coated. A-Z entries disguise the entire variety of swearing and foul language in English, together with attention-grabbing info at the background and origins of every time period and the social context during which it chanced on expression. different types comprise blasphemy, obscenity, profanity, the categorization of girls and races, and modal forms, reminiscent of the ritual insults of Renaissance "flyting" and glossy "sounding" or "playing the dozens." Entries conceal the historic measurement of the language, from Anglo-Saxon heroic oaths and the stunning energy of medieval profanity, to the stern censorship of the Renaissance and the colourful, smooth language of the streets. Social components, resembling stereotyping, xenophobia, and the dynamics of ethnic slurs, in addition to age and gender modifications in swearing also are addressed, in addition to the most important taboo phrases and the advanced and altering nature of spiritual, sexual, and racial taboos.

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