Bread and Roses: Mills, Migrants, and the Struggle for the American Dream
On January 12, 1912, a military of fabric employees stormed out of the generators in Lawrence, Massachusetts, starting what has on account that turn into referred to as the "Bread and Roses" strike. in line with newspaper bills, journal reportage, and oral histories, Watson reconstructs a Dickensian drama concerning millions of parading strikers from fifty-one countries, unforgettable acts of cruelty, or even a chronic homicide trial that verified the limits of loose speech. A rousing examine a seminal and missed bankruptcy of the earlier, Bread and Roses is critical studying.
“The difficulty at Lawrence,” p. eleven. 88 Cameron, p. seventy seven. 89 Senate file, pp. 152-53. ninety Cameron, p. ninety one. ninety one Ibid., p. one hundred and one. ninety two “Elevator sufferer Dies in Hospital,” Lawrence night Tribune, January 10, 1912, p. four. ninety three “Attempted Suicide,” Lawrence night Tribune, January five, 1912. ninety four “Mill Operative Dropped Dead,” Lawrence night sunlight, January 6, 1912, p. 6. ninety five Obituaries, Lawrence day-by-day American, January five, eight, 12, 1912. ninety six Foner, historical past of the exertions circulation, vol. four, p. 313. ninety seven Harry.
Maine,33 they laid the dam’s first stone on September 19, 1845. 3 years later, on the exact same month, date, and hour, the ultimate stone was once laid. while accomplished, the good Stone Dam stretched 1,629 ft around the Merrimack. Water spilling over its 30-foot drop supplied a hundred and fifty “millpower.” (The ambient time period for measuring hydraulic strength, one millpower equaled among sixty and seventy horsepower.)34 whereas the dam was once being equipped, workers dug the North Canal. The mile-long trench shaped an.
may still Massachusetts bring up its minimal operating age past fourteen? he requested. it's going to do no strong until older young children have been “kept occupied at whatever ecocnomic. . . . those who are idle till they're 16 years of age don't volume to a lot afterwards.”83 And even supposing little ones wanted schooling, “sometimes it really is greater that the schooling be the place it's congenial to the kid, because it is in lots of instances within the mill, than the place it truly is uncongenial, because it is in school.”84 The reverend admitted that.
Insisted with common aplomb.“He is sure to rise.”50 while the sunrise whistled on January 12, a gentle was once already burning within the second-story window of Wood’s mansion in Andover, simply south of Lawrence. The president of yank Woolen have been up because 3:00 a.m., operating. a brief, stocky guy with a hairy mustache and penetrating eyes, wooden stored a coffeepot via his mattress. whilst principles happened to him, whatever the hour, he summoned an aide, dictated an order, and made sure it'd be positioned into.
Of nationalities, yelling, stomping, reveling as one, made the rafters of Franco-Belgian corridor creak and groan. after which got here the songs—“The Internationale,” after all, but additionally a brand new verse to “In the great outdated wooden Line” that includes Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and a undeniable Mr. Lowe, a mill supervisor: within the stable previous wood line, within the solid previous wooden line We’ll positioned Mr. Lowe in overalls and swear off consuming wine, Then Gurley Flynn could be the boss, Oh gee, won’t that be nice, The strikers.