Cognitive Linguistics and Non-Indo-European Languages (Cognitive Linguistics Research)
Gary B. Palmer
This ebook applies the idea of cognitive linguistics to the research of numerous grammatical phenomena in non-Indo-European languages. In prior experiences of languages from non-Indo-European households, cognitive linguistics has been remarkably invaluable in explaining non-prototypical buildings in addition to extra universal ones. The e-book expands that attempt right into a new set of households and languages.
The farm. b. everyone seems to be constantly so pleasant down on the “home”. the place “here” is linked to the first landmark, or the foundation of a scanned direction. the purpose I desire to emphasize is that even in its basic area of area, down is used to surround a wide range of static configurations, routine, and extensions from the prototype, and that even the weather such a lot principal to the prototype will be came across to be suspended or neglected now and again, whereas different notions akin to scanning and.
mix with numerous morphemes, together with ta- ‘outside:slopestraight‘ and ku-ra´1a- ‘around-corner’ designates vertically susceptible expanses akin to the part of a hill (6 a), a status tree trunk (6 b), the financial institution of a river, or the facet of a roadway or railway music. (6) a. a-h-ku-ra´1a-raa a´h-ka1i Irı´ hece outside-slope-around-corner-go:past across-over hill at slope hill ‘He went off over the sting of the hill.’ Speakers, context, and Cora conceptual metaphors seventy five b. pa´1arI1I pu´.
words in sentence-initial place: i. e., actor-emphatic sentences and situation-emphatic sentences (Hopkins 1992: 195, 203), illustrated, respectively in (12 a and b) and (13 a and b). the previous concentrate on actors marked na ‘by’ and the latter on indirect kin like these of time and position. Hawaiian ‘o as a hallmark of nominal salience 163 (12) a. Na wai i ho‘oma¯kaukau i ke¯ia i‘a malo‘o? by means of who perf arrange pbj this fish dry ‘Who ready this dried fish?’ (Hopkins 1992: 195) b. Na.
1990 Na¯ Kai ‘Ewalu [The 8 Seas]: starting Hawaiian classes [partial revision of Kamana¯ and Wilson 1977] Hilo: Hale Kuamo’o. Laie i ka wai 1918 The Hawaiian romance of Laieikawai with creation and translation through Martha Warren Beckwith. Reprinted from the thirty-third annual document of the Bureau of yank Ethnology. Washington: govt Printing workplace. Langacker, Ronald W. 1987 Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. 1, Theoretical must haves. Stanford: Stanford collage Press.
till the rice is all accrued and properly kept in a granary, the yield may well nonetheless be low. different factors have an effect on the standard of harvest. they're (a) rice-related, or (b) harvester-related. all of the above components need to be managed to extend the possibilities of an considerable harvest, to make sure a adequate offer of rice. 2.1. The rice-related components The Isnags see the nurturing of rice as being continuously uncovered to various parts that have an effect on the volume of its yield. a few look on the.