Dutch: Biography of a Language
greater than 22 million humans communicate Dutch-primarily within the Netherlands, Belgium, Suriname, and the Antilles. Roland Willemyns the following deals a well-researched and hugely readable survey of the Dutch language in all its old, geographic, and social elements.
Willemyns tells a narrative of language touch and clash. From its earliest days, Dutch has been in excessive touch with different languages either inside and out of doors the borders of the Low nations, really with French, Frisian, and German.
The first a part of Dutch concentrates at the old improvement of ordinary Dutch and its dialects. the second one half makes a speciality of modern Dutch, together with its many dialects in Flanders and Holland (some of them at the verge of extinction). Willemyns can pay precise recognition to special questions within the background of Dutch, quite the contentious subject of the worldwide unfold of Dutch via colonization-which ended in "exotic" adaptations resembling Afrikaans, pidgins, and creoles-and no matter if Dutchmen and Flemings are "separated through an identical language." His ultimate bankruptcy attempts to shed a few mild at the way forward for Dutch, and the effect of such "new" forms as Poldernederlands (in Holland) and Verkavelingsvlaams (in Flanders).
Placing the Dutch tale within the context of different West-Germanic languages like German and English, Dutch: Biography of a Language is the one English language background of Dutch and should be sure you curiosity an international viewers of scholars of Dutch, these of Dutch descent, and linguists and different students wishing to profit extra approximately Dutch.
Social strata has elevated, and in additional fresh instances it has even develop into extra applicable in a few formal events within which it was kept away from, comparable to in specialist settings, leading to Dutch experiencing elevated pageant from Sranan. Of the maximum significance for the linguistic way forward for Suriname are the linguistic behavior and attitudes of the inhabitants of Asian extract (i.e., East Indians in addition to Javanese and Chinese), who jointly make up greater than part the country’s inhabitants.
stimulated by means of Dutch to the purpose that “the caliber of the language is deteriorating and Frisian may possibly at a undeniable element run the danger of dissolving into Dutch” (Gorter 2001, 231). This touch not just impacts the language itself but additionally nonetheless offers approach to language shift, in most cases within the higher social strata and the city inhabitants. Frisian is the local tongue of nearly all of the inhabitants of Friesland, yet even they don't continuously communicate Frisian yet need to change to Dutch for particular features.
Now might presuppose a couple of issues. to begin with, it may be transparent that the developments pointed out may still certainly proceed within the means as feared by means of Van de Velde, Stroop, Cajot, and Goossens. in addition, it might be essential to discover a lot of individuals prepared and ready to cope with it. And if that is so, a major language making plans attempt on a scale by no means witnessed prior to must be devised and applied. Destandardization? in line with Mattheier (2003, 239–240), an immense.
Dutch develop into Flemish? self sustaining advancements in Belgian Dutch. Multilingua targeted factor: altering criteria in Sociolinguistic examine: Celebrating the paintings of Roland Willemyns 29: 385–416. Van Donselaar, J. (1989). Woordenboek van het Surinaams Nederlands, second ed. Muiderberg: Coutinho. Van Durme, Luc (2002). Genesis and Evolution of the Romance-Germanic Language Border in Europe. In Jeanine Treffers & Roland Willemyns (eds.), Language touch on the Romance-Germanic Language Border.
typical Dutch (AN) of the opposite a part of the territory is anxious. In different phrases, what are the attitudes of the Dutchmen towards the traditional language of the Flemings and vice versa? Are these conversing it additionally perceived as self-confident, bold, clever, and useful? till lately the Dutch used to have a slightly paternalistic perspective so far as the southern Dutch commonplace was once involved. A majority seldom reacts very certainly to the speech of the minority. additionally, they’re in general no longer.