European Universalism: The Rhetoric of Power
How rules akin to civilization and growth were used as a smoke reveal for western dominance, by means of the world-renowned sociologist.
Ever because the Enlightenment, Western intervention all over the world has been justified through appeals to notions of civilization, improvement, and growth. the idea has been that such rules are common, encrusted in normal legislations. yet, as Immanuel Wallerstein argues during this brief and chic philippic, those innovations are, in reality, now not international. fairly, their genesis is firmly rooted in ecu idea and their fundamental functionality has been to supply justification for strong states to impose their will opposed to the susceptible lower than the smoke display of what's presupposed to be either useful to humankind and traditionally inevitable.
With nice acuity Wallerstein attracts jointly discussions of the belief of orientalism, the ideal to intrude, and the triumph of technology over the arts to give an explanation for how recommendations designed to advertise specific Western pursuits have bought an all-inclusive patina.
Wallerstein concludes through advocating a real universalism that might permit severe appraisal of all justifications for intervention through the robust opposed to the susceptible. At a time whilst such intervention—in the identify of democracy and human rights—has lower back to the heart degree of global politics, his treatise is either appropriate and compelling.