Exhortations to Philosophy: The Protreptics of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle

Exhortations to Philosophy: The Protreptics of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle


This publication is a research of the literary concepts which the 1st specialist philosophers used to industry their respective disciplines. Philosophers of fourth-century BCE Athens built the rising style of the "protreptic" (literally, "turning" or "converting"). easily positioned, protreptic discourse makes use of a rhetoric of conversion that urges a teen to undertake a particular philosophy with the intention to dwell a great existence. the writer argues that the fourth-century philosophers used protreptic discourses to marketplace philosophical practices and to outline and legitimize a brand new cultural establishment: the college of upper studying (the first in Western history). particularly, the ebook investigates how competing educators within the fourth century produced protreptic discourses via borrowing and remodeling conventional and modern "voices" within the cultural industry. They aimed to introduce and advertise their new colleges and outline the recent professionalized self-discipline of "philosophy." whereas students have often tested the discourses and practices of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle in isolation from each other, this examine really combines philosophy, narratology, style conception, and new historicism to target the discursive interplay among the 3 philosophers: every one accommodates the discourse of his rivals into his protreptics. Appropriating and remodeling the discourses in their pageant, those intellectuals created literary texts that brought their respective disciplines to strength scholars.

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