It used to be to right universal misconceptions approximately his concept that Jean-Paul Sartre, the main dominent ecu highbrow of the post-World conflict II decades, accepted a call for participation to talk on October 29, 1945, on the membership Maintenant in Paris. The unspoken aim of his lecture (“Existentialism Is a Humanism”) was once to expound his philosophy as a kind of “existentialism,” a time period a lot bandied approximately on the time. Sartre asserted that existentialism used to be primarily a doctrine for philosophers, although, satirically, he was once approximately to make it obtainable to a normal audience. The released textual content of his lecture quickly turned one of many bibles of existentialism and made Sartre a global celebrity.
The inspiration of freedom occupies the heart of Sartre’s doctrine. guy, born into an empty, godless universe, is not anything to start with. He creates his essence—his self, his being—through the alternatives he freely makes (“existence precedes essence”). have been it now not for the contingency of his loss of life, he might by no means finish. opting for to be this or that's to verify the price of what we elect. In picking out, consequently, we devote not just ourselves yet all of mankind.
This publication offers a brand new English translation of Sartre’s 1945 lecture and his research of Camus’s The Stranger, in addition to a dialogue of those works by means of acclaimed Sartre biographer Annie Cohen-Solal. This version is a translation of the 1996 French version, which include Arlette Elkaïm-Sartre’s creation and a Q&A with Sartre approximately his lecture.