Experiment and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century Tuscany: The History of the Accademia del Cimento (Australasian Studies In History And Philosophy Of Science, Volume 21)

Experiment and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century Tuscany: The History of the Accademia del Cimento (Australasian Studies In History And Philosophy Of Science, Volume 21)

Luciano Boschiero


The Accademia del Cimento (1657-1667) was once the 1st establishment in Europe purporting to exploit an experimental approach in its medical inquiries. in accordance with a few contemporary bills, the Cimento belonged to a brand new tradition of data making that deserted the perform of creating theories in favour of a programme that easily accrued ‘matters of fact’, loose from theoretical arguments and speculations.

However, whereas the Cimento, led via Tuscany’s Prince Leopoldo de’Medici, created a persuasive experimental rhetoric, actually the academicians persisted to build experiments and interpret their effects at the foundation in their theoretical goals and their broader pursuits in usual philosophy.

This research starts off through studying using experiments, arithmetic, and traditional philosophy in seventeenth-century Italy. as soon as those themes are in actual fact outlined, it turns into more uncomplicated to appreciate the highbrow pursuits and motivations of every of the Cimento’s participants. Case experiences in regards to the Cimento’s paintings on air-pressure, the vacuum, the freezing procedure, and the houses and results of warmth and chilly, show the group’s typical philosophical abilities, commitments, and agendas. in the meantime, in an try to keep away from spiritual strain and to take care of an uncontroversial acceptance for the academy, Leopoldo censored the academicians from publicly expressing their perspectives on a couple of issues.

The goal of this paintings is to counter historiographies that look for the origins of recent technology in the experimental practices of Europe’s first medical associations, corresponding to the Cimento. It proposes that we should always glance past the experimental rhetoric present in released works, to discover that the Cimento academicians have been individuals in a tradition of common philosophical theorising that existed all through Europe.

Show sample text content

Download sample