From Grammar to Meaning: The Spontaneous Logicality of Language (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics (Hardcover))
in recent times, the examine of formal semantics and formal pragmatics has grown significantly exhibiting that middle features of language that means could be defined by means of a couple of ideas. those ideas are grounded within the common sense that's at the back of - and tightly intertwined with - the grammar of human language. during this booklet, the most well-known figures in linguistics, together with Noam Chomsky and Barbara H. Partee, supply new insights into the character of linguistic that means and pave the best way for the additional improvement of formal semantics and formal pragmatics. every one bankruptcy investigates a number of dimensions during which the logical nature of human language manifests itself inside a language and/or throughout languages. Phenomena like naked plurals, loose selection goods, scalar implicatures, intervention results, and logical operators are investigated extensive and now and then cross-linguistically and/or experimentally. This quantity could be of curiosity to students operating in the fields of semantics, pragmatics, language acquisition and psycholinguistics.
units of entities. Extending the account of half to incorporate items, slices, etc., we will be able to deal with them all as subdividing the entity denoted by means of the internal NP into non-overlapping i-parts. Their function, approximately talking, is reminiscent of that of classiﬁers, in that they convey houses that experience the proper constitution for counting. words headed via such partition inducing nouns can for this reason function arguments for cardinal expressions or determiners, as proven in (26a): 62 (26) Veneeta Dayal a.
comparability among wh-ever relations and EIs like a few or different are available in Dayal (2009). 2. See Gajewski (2002) and Chierchia (to seem a) for info on whilst and why contradictions may give upward thrust to ungrammaticality. three. within the following, I fail to remember the subscript indicating the set of propositions with appreciate to which exhaustiﬁcation happens (cf. C in (5a)). until pointed out differently, this set contains either scalar and (possibly pre-exhaustiﬁed) area possible choices. four. the place “guitar” is an.
Speciﬁc contexts that Fox describes and exempliﬁes. Fox develops his account inside a trivalent method of presupposition projection, coupled with independently wanted mechanisms: one that strengthens presuppositions, and one other which includes presuppositions into fact stipulations at a number of scope positions. The 3rd a part of the booklet offers with experimental reports and the way they tell and are educated through semantic concept. Chierchia has participated in Introduction nine stories on.
info states for version M. The semantics for expressions in L is given for a ﬁxed version M when it comes to context swap potentials, i.e., a functionality ΣM × L → ΣM. utilizing usual notation this functionality is deﬁned as follows: σ ½p σ ½¬ϕ σ ½ϕ∧ψ σ ½□e ϕ σ ½□d ϕ ¼ ½w∈σjM; w ⊨ p ¼ σ – σ½ϕ ¼ σ½ϕ½ψ ¼ fw∈σjσ½’ ¼ σg ¼ fw∈σjM; w ⊨ □d ϕg ðtestÞ ðeliminative replaceþ 136 Maria Aloni and Michael Franke The dynamic interpretation of epistemic modals is a attempt: replace with ☐eϕ both yields the.
One, yet its normal gains are shared via “grammatical” theories of scalar implicature in addition (e.g. Chierchia 2004, 2006; Chierchia et al. 2012; Fox 2007a; Magri 2011; Mayr this quantity, etc.). In those ways, the upper-bounding inference is brought compositionally through an exhaustivity operator EXH which composes with a sentence, computes a collection of different meanings for the sentence in a manner that's absolutely parallel to the reasoning defined above, and returns a that means that contains.