Gangster States: Organized Crime, Kleptocracy and Political Collapse

Gangster States: Organized Crime, Kleptocracy and Political Collapse

Katherine Hirschfeld


Gangsterism, extortion and racketeering are presently considered as deviant, pathological behaviors which are disconnected from formal political and fiscal constructions, and sometimes excluded from research within the fields of political technological know-how and economics. A severe reconsideration of prepared crime finds that the evolution of racketeering in platforms of alternate may be understood as a usual phenomenon that may be expected with instruments from behavioral ecology initially constructed to version the dynamics of predator-prey kinfolk. those versions expect the stipulations lower than which unregulated markets evolve into hierarchical legal syndicates, and the way proven equipped crime teams extend and interfere into formal structures of presidency, growing chimeric 'gangster-states'. This publication outlines the parameters of this procedure, and makes use of archival examine to discover case reports of prepared crime and kleptocratic kingdom formation. a last part proposes redefining country formation as a part of a longitudinal cycle of political-economic evolution that comes with levels of racketeering, instability, cave in and regeneration.

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