Greetings from the Teklimakan: A Handbook of Modern Uyghur, Volume 1
Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne Dwyer
Our aim is to permit a reader to construct language competence, balancing an knowing of grammar with language utilization within the Uyghur social context. it truly is an pressing precedence of ours to make a learner-centered linguistically trained Uyghur language textbook greatly on hand. For a huge primary Asian language (and a huge minority language of China), there are unusually few Uyghur fabrics to be had for language newbies.
Aldida ﻧﯩﯔ ﺋﺎﻟﺪﯨﺪا-; temporal limitative +Giche ﻏﯩﭽﻪ-; bir ish ﺑﯩﺮ ﺋﯩﺶbirer ish ;ﺑﯩﺮەر ﺋﯩﺶImperative temper: giving instructions 213 Lesson 15. sickness and future health ﻛﯧﺴﻪﻟﻠﯩﻚ ۋە ﺳﺎﻻﻣﻪﺗﻠﯩﻚ 1. Aspectual and actional -(I)p enhances: baq- - ; ﺑﺎقbol-- ;ﺑﻮلtur- - ;ﺗﯘرqal- ;ﻗﺎلket- ;ﻛﻪتqoy- -ﻗﻮي 2. Others auxiliary verbs : bar- - ;ﺑﺎرber- - ; ﺑﻪرtashla- - ; ﺗﺎﺷﻼchiq- - ;ﭼﯩﻖsal-, kel-- ;ﻛﻪل kör- - ;ﻛﯚرoltur- - ;ﺋﻮﻟﺘﯘرöt- - ;ﺋﯚتyür- -ﻳﯜر three. Language Use Notes:.
ﺋﯩﻜﻜﻰ ﻗﯧﺘﯩﻢ üch qëtim ‘three instances’ (‘thrice’) ﺋﯜچ ﻗﯧﺘﯩﻢ yüz qëtim ‘a hundred instances’ ﻳﯘز ﻗﯧﺘﯩﻢ 4.4 The Verb ‘to play’ oyna- -ﺋﻮﻳﻨﺎ the fundamental which means of oyna- is ‘play (games)’ and ‘have enjoyable, ’ together with children’s play, activities and physical exertion, as in (15)-(17), or within the experience of ‘acting,’ as in (18): (15) (16) (17) (18) Balilar öyde oynaydu. (Biz) putbol oynamduq? Gimnastika oynaymen. Biz u dramida oynimaymiz. .ﺑﺎﻟﯩﻼر ﺋﯚﻳﺪە ﺋﻮﻳﻨﺎﻳﺪۇ ‘The kids will play indoors.’ ‘Are we.
lower than, we realize that the possessive shape provides a y or r within the first and moment individual, yet now not within the 3rd individual. selecting y or r is a section complex, and partly local: in such a lot elements of Xinjiang and in ordinary Uyghur, r is strongly most popular for radi’o and dashö; y is most well-liked for tohu (tohuyum etc.), although r is additionally applicable (tohurum, tohuring etc.). yet in Qumul (Hami) Uyghur, y is most well-liked for all 3. desk 8.5. robust vowel-final nouns taking possessive +y/r+(I)m and so on.
(anaphoric) pronouns; it attaches as an enclitic to nouns or pronouns within the genitive (or locative, see 3.2 under) or to time and position expressions (see Lesson 10).5 during this lesson, we're thinking about its use with pronouns. 4.1 utilization on Pronouns Possessive pronouns in Uyghur (mëningki, sëningki)and in English (mine, yours) are attributes of the topic, that functionality extra like adjectives than pronouns; we will be able to say This e-book is mine a similar manner we are saying This publication is crimson. In Uyghur, those.
G q and gh, wherein okay and g are thought of entrance, and q and gh are thought of again. we glance at vowels first. Backness in Vowels again vowels: a o u entrance vowels: e ö ü now not harmonic: i ë (Does now not have an effect on neither is replaced through vowel or consonant harmony.) (The letter i ﺋﻰin Uyghur represents either back and front sorts of i, i.e. [i] and [Ǹ].) In phrases of Turkic beginning, back and front vowels not often co-occur within the similar notice: Back-vocalic phrases: moma ‘grandmother’ Uyghur ‘Uyghur’ Front-vocalic.