Kierkegaard and Socrates: A Study in Philosophy and Faith
This quantity is a research of the connection among philosophy and religion in Søren Kierkegaard's Philosophical Fragments. it's also the 1st ebook to envision the position of Socrates during this physique of writings and it illuminates the importance of Socrates for Kierkegaard's suggestion ordinarily. Jacob Howland argues that during the Fragments, philosophy and religion are heavily similar passions. A cautious exam of the position of Socrates in Fragments demonstrates that Socratic, philosophical eros opens up a route to religion. while, the paintings of faith-- which holds the self including that which transcends it, the finite with the countless, and one's existence in time with eternity-is basically erotic within the Socratic experience of the time period. Chapters on Kierkegaard's Johannes Climacus and on Plato's Apology and comparable dialogues make clear the Socratic personality of the pseudonymous writer of the Fragments and the position of "the god" in Socrates' pursuit of knowledge. Howland additionally analyzes the Concluding Unscientific Postscript and Kierkegaard's reflections on Socrates and Christ in his unpublished papers.
(14). And Philosophical Fragments means that even Socrates didn't absolutely comprehend the affection of knowledge for which he lived and died. at the most elementary point, Climacus’s ebook is a philosophical archaeology of the innovations of “philosophy” and “faith.” In Fragments, Climacus attempts to chop via centuries of “chatter” so that it will discover the unique 1 2 Evans 1983, 2. “It will be tragic,” Evans adds,” if he [Kierkegaard] turned the specific estate of a band of scholars.” the current research.
sixty one occasionally even turns out to spot himself with, the god he supposedly obeys. within the face of this truth, students have tended to take certainly one of paths. a few overlook passages that galvanize doubts concerning the sincerity of his spiritual obedience (e.g., 28d–29a and 37e–38a, either one of that are mentioned during this chapter), whereas others, simply as Socrates estimated, brush aside his tale for instance of his routine irony or at top a pious ﬁction.4 In both case, Socrates can't be understood to be telling.
knowledge, he tells his younger significant other Glaucon, is reminiscent of Glaucon’s erotic love of boys. simply as Glaucon loves boys of each style, only if they're within the bloom of juvenile, the thinker doesn't love “one half and never one other” of knowledge, yet “all of it” (474d–75b). As “lovers of the sight of truth,” philosophers are greater than prepared “to flavor all types of study,” and are certainly “insatiable” of their wish to research (475c–d). the article of this insatiable wish is the area of being –.
no longer of the fanatics’ being not able to have one another yet in their being not able to appreciate one another” – a sorrow that's “inﬁnitely deeper” than that different disappointment since it “wounds for eternity” (25–6). Climacus’s poetical enterprise is designed to light up the sorrow that the god reviews because of the learner’s false impression. Climacus turns to poetry in reﬂecting at the touch among God and guy for a similar cause that Socrates turns to delusion in reﬂecting on eros: those are.
Love him, simply because love calls for braveness. The god’s predicament is that we “sit with him as his equal,” but it is a terrifying prospect for the learner – lots in order that it'd be “less terrifying to fall upon one’s face whereas the mountains tremble on the god’s voice” (34–5). What makes it terrifying is the learner’s feel of his personal unworthiness. The learner, we bear in mind, needs to come to appreciate that during his of untruth he was once not anything, that he was once so via his personal fault, and that he owes.