Metaphor in Context

Metaphor in Context

Josef Stern


the various philosophers, linguists, and cognitive scientists writing on metaphor over the last 20 years have more often than not taken without any consideration that metaphor lies outdoors, if now not against, acquired conceptions of semantics and grammar. Assuming that metaphor can't be defined by means of or inside of semantics, they declare that metaphor has little, if whatever, to educate us approximately semantic concept. during this publication Josef Stern demanding situations those assumptions. he's involved basically with the query: Given the obtained perception of the shape and ambitions of semantic idea, does metaphorical interpretation, in entire or half, fall inside its scope? particularly, he asks, what (if something) does a speaker-hearer be aware of as a part of her semantic competence while she is familiar with the translation of a metaphor? based on Stern, the reply to those questions lies within the systematic context-dependence of metaphorical interpretation. Drawing on a deep analogy among demonstratives, indexicals, and metaphors, Stern develops a proper conception of metaphorical which means that underlies a speaker's skill to interpret a metaphor. along with his semantics, he additionally addresses various philosophical and linguistic matters raised through metaphor. those comprise the interpretive constitution of complicated prolonged metaphors, the cognitive value of metaphors and their literal paraphrasability, the pictorial personality of metaphors, the function of similarity and exemplification in metaphorical interpretation, metaphor-networks, lifeless metaphors, the relation of metaphors to different figures, and the dependence of metaphors on literal meanings. in contrast to so much metaphor theorists, besides the fact that, who take those difficulties to be sui generis to metaphor, Stern subsumes them less than an identical rubric as different semantic proof that carry for nonmetaphorical language.

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