Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar: A Practical Guide (Modern Grammars)
Modern Mandarin chinese language Grammar offers an leading edge reference advisor to Mandarin chinese language, combining conventional and function-based grammar in one volume.
The Grammar is split into elements. half A covers conventional grammatical different types comparable to word order, nouns, verbs and specifiers. half B is thoroughly prepared round language features and notions similar to:
- Communication strategies
- Making comparisons
- Giving and looking information
- Expressing apologies, regrets and sympathies
The components of the Grammar are heavily associated via wide cross-references, offering a grammatical and useful standpoint on many styles. All grammar issues and capabilities are richly illustrated with examples, with a powerful specialize in modern usage.
Main positive factors of the grammar contain:
- Examples given in simplified characters, conventional characters and romanization (pinyin)
- Clear factors and obtainable descriptions
- Particular cognizance to parts of specific trouble for inexperienced persons of Mandarin chinese language
Implementing suggestions from clients of the 1st variation of the Grammar, this moment version has been revised all through to provide multiplied motives, examples, cross-referencing, and indexing and fresh chapters on element, resultative verbs, directional verbs and "ba" sentences.
This is the suitable reference grammar for rookies of Mandarin chinese language in any respect degrees, from ordinary to complex. No previous wisdom of grammatical terminology is believed and a word list of grammatical phrases is equipped. This Grammar is followed via the Modern Mandarin chinese language Grammar Workbook (978-0-415-83488-9; on hand for separate buy) which positive factors similar workouts and activities.
constitution. / ma or the verb-not- !"#$ !"# Nàge xuéxiào dà ma? Is that college gigantic? !"#"$ !"#" Nàge xuéxiào dà bù dà? Is that college immense? Í 24.1 10.3 Modiﬁcation via intensiﬁers Adjectival verbs could be modiﬁed via intensiﬁers. so much intensiﬁers precede the adjectival verb. Intensiﬁer + adjectival verb Intensiﬁer very hln to be excellent hln hko fairly zhqn to be wonderful zhqn hko / bmjiào particularly / bmjiào hko to be really stable / xipngdpng particularly / xipngdpng hko to be fairly solid.
Verbs describe occasions that don't contain motion. Examples of stative verbs contain / xmhuan ‘to like,’ / ài ‘to love,’ xiàng ‘to resemble,’ xikng ‘to want,’ yào ‘to want,’ xtyào ‘to need,’ pà ‘to fear,’ ztnjìng ‘to / gknxiè ‘to appreciate,’ dnng ‘to understand,’ xìn ‘to believe,’ respect,’ and xikngniàn ‘to miss.’ sure stative verbs have particular meanings and homes and should be mentioned individually less than. They contain the equational verbs shì ‘to be’ and xìng ‘to be kinfolk named,’ and.
basically have one buck. jiù conveys specified identiﬁcation of a noun word. If the noun In a few contexts, word is anyone or position, there's no English identical for jiù. W ! Wáng: Nm zhko shéi? Wang: who're you trying to find? W !"# W Lín: Wn zhko Wáng Mlilíng. Lin: i'm searching for Wang Meiling. If the noun word is a speciﬁer or a directional expression, as ‘right’ or ‘precisely.’ !"#$%&'( !"#$%&' Q: !"#$ !"# Q: Wáng: Wn jiù shì. Wang: That’s me. jiù can be translated.
chinese language makes use of other kinds of greetings based upon the connection of speaker and addressee, the time of day within which the greeting is made, and even if touch is face-toface. Greetings that take the shape of questions often desire no reaction. 20.1 Greetings in conversations 20.1.1 simple greeting To greet informal neighbors or to greet others in a procuring or enterprise surroundings, or while assembly somebody for the ﬁrst time, or while answering the phone, say: Nm hko. hello.
observe ‘yes’ in Mandarin. to answer ‘yes’ to a yes–no query in shìfnu shape, or in verb-not-verb shape, repeat the verb. shape, in / ma query shìfNu query / ma Verb-not-verb query definite Shì. !"#$ !"#$ Tp shì Zhsngguo rén ma? Is she a chinese language individual? !"#$ !"#$ Tp shìfnu shì Zhsngguo rén? Is she a chinese language individual? !"#$ !"#$ Tp shì bù shì Zhsngguo rén? Is she a chinese language individual? !"#$ !"#$ Tp qùguò Zhsngguó ma? Has he been to China? !"#$% !"#$% Tp shìfnu qùguò Zhsngguó? Has he been to.