Operation Valuable Fiend: The CIA's First Paramilitary Strike Against the Iron Curtain

Operation Valuable Fiend: The CIA's First Paramilitary Strike Against the Iron Curtain

Albert Lulushi

In 1949, a newly minted department of the CIA (the precursor of today’s nationwide Clandestine Service), flush with cash and burning with selection to roll again the Iron Curtain, launched into the 1st paramilitary operation within the background of the enterprise. They hatched an difficult plan, coordinated with the British mystery Intelligence provider, to foment renowned uprising and detach Albania, the weakest of the Soviet satellites in Europe, from Moscow’s orbit. The operation ended in dismal failure and used to be close down via 1954.

In Operation beneficial Fiend, Albert Lulushi provides the 1st complete accounting of this CIA motion, in keeping with 1000's of declassified files, memoirs, and memories of key members, together with Albanian exiles recruited for missions and their Communist rivals. Up until now, the tale of the operation has been obfuscated or even distorted. a few blamed the Soviet mole Kim Philby for sabotaging it; the communists credited the prowess in their mystery police; and CIA memoirs have been seriously sanitized. Lulushi files a number elements that ended in the failure, from green CIA case officials outsmarted in spy-vs-spy video games by way of their ruthless Stalinist competitors; to rivalries among branches of the CIA and among the organization and pleasant intelligence prone; and conflicts between anti-Communist factions that integrated Albania’s colourful exiled chief, King Zog.

The publication additionally exhibits how this operation served because the proving floor for innovations utilized in later CIA chilly conflict paramilitary actions—involving a few of the comparable company operatives—including the coup d’états in Iran and Guatemala and the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

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