Pascalian Meditations

Pascalian Meditations

Pierre Bourdieu

A synthesis of 40 years' paintings through France's prime sociologist, this booklet pushes the critique of scholarly cause to a brand new point. it's a fantastic instance of Bourdieu's certain skill to hyperlink sociological concept, historic details, and philosophical thought.

Pascalian Meditations makes particular the presuppositions of a kingdom of "scholasticism," a definite relaxation liberated from the urgencies of the realm. Philosophers, unwilling to have interaction those presuppositions of their perform, have introduced them into the order of discourse, now not loads to investigate them as to valid them. this example is the first systematic, epistemological, moral, and aesthetic errors that Bourdieu topics to methodological critique.

This critique of scholarly cause is performed within the identify of Pascal simply because he, too, mentioned the positive factors of human life that the scholastic outlook ignores: he was once serious about symbolic energy; he refused the temptation of foundationalist considering; he attended (without populist naïveté) to "ordinary people"; and he was resolute to hunt the raison d'être of doubtless illogical habit instead of condemning or mocking it.

Through this critique, Bourdieu charts a adverse philosophy that calls into query a few of our so much primary presuppositions, reminiscent of a "subject" who's loose and self-aware. This philosophy, with its highbrow debt to such different "heretical" philosophers as Wittgenstein, Austin, Dewey, and Peirce, renews conventional wondering of the thoughts of violence, strength, time, historical past, the common, and the aim and course of existence.

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