Pure and Modern Milk: An Environmental History since 1900

Pure and Modern Milk: An Environmental History since 1900

Kendra Smith-Howard


american citizens have by no means been extra thinking about their food's purity. The natural alternate organization claims that three-quarters of all shoppers purchase natural meals every year, spending billions of greenbacks

"Dairy farm households, health and wellbeing officers, and nutrition brands have concurrently stoked human wants for an all-natural product and intervened to make sure milk's safeguard and profitability," writes Kendra Smith-Howard. In Pure and sleek Milk, she tells the heritage of an almost common shopper product, and sheds gentle on America's foodstuff undefined. this day, she notes, milk reaches supermarkets in a completely various kingdom than it had at its construction. Cows march into milking parlors, the place tubes are hooked up to their teats, and the made of their lactation is robotically pumped into tanks. huge, immense, pricey machines pasteurize it, improve it with supplements, eliminate fats, and shop it at government-regulated temperatures. It reaches shoppers in a bunch of varieties: as fluid milk, butter, ice cream, and in it appears non-dairy meals comparable to whey solids or milk proteins. Smith-Howard examines the cultural, political, and social context, discussing the makes an attempt to reform the construction and distribution of this once-perilous product within the innovative period, the historical past of butter among the realm wars, dairy waste at mid-century, and the postwar panorama of mass creation. She asks how milk will be conceptualized as a "natural" product, at the same time it's been integrated into Cheez Whiz and wooden glue. and she or he indicates how consumer's altering expectancies have had repercussions backtrack the chain, affecting farmers, cows, and rural landscapes.

A groundbreaking, interdisciplinary background, this booklet finds the complexity and demanding situations of humanity's dependence on different species.

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