Representing Agrippina: Constructions of Female Power in the Early Roman Empire (American Philological Association American Classical Studies)
Agrippina the more youthful, spouse of the emperor Claudius and mom of his successor Nero, wielded energy and authority on the middle of the Roman empire in methods unrivaled through virtually the other lady in Roman background. Such, at the very least, is the portrait of Agrippina introduced by way of our resources and perpetuated in smooth scholarship. during this posthumous paintings, Judith Ginsburg offers a clean examine either the literary and fabric representations of Agrippina. not like past remedies, she seeks neither to sentence nor to rehabilitate Agrippina. Nor does she undertaking to exhume the "real Agrippina" from the decorated or fabricated images came across one of the ancients. Ginsburg trains her concentrate on the representations themselves. Her painstaking dissection of the portrayals by way of historians exposes the rhetorical tropes, the recurrent motifs, and the craft that formed the literary photo of Agrippina. The designs, as Ginsburg exhibits, have been greater than literary prospers. They aimed to blur the limits among the family and the imperial nation-states, deploying identical to Agrippina as domineering spouse and mom to signify the failings and instability of the regime, a dysfunctional relatives entailing a dysfunctional method of governance. Gender inversions at domestic performed themselves out at the public scene as imperial rule compromised via lady ascendancy. Distorted stereotypes of the "wicked stepmother," the domineering lady, and the sexual transgessor have been utilized to underscore the violations of prestige and disruption of gender family members that characterised the imperial management. Ginsburg has as willing a watch for visible (mis)representations as for literary ones. The depictions of Agrippina on coinage and statuary offer a stark distinction with the written proof. She seems to be as matron and priestess, emblematic of household rectitude and public piety, and a primary determine within the continuity of the dynasty. Ginsburg incisively demonstrates the capacity wherein Agrippina's imagery used to be molded either to serve the pursuits of the Julio-Claudian regime and to strengthen the ends of its critics.
now not a question of sexual wish yet just a passing comment intended that this time Agrippina’s wrath stopped in need of severe action.33 because the commentators have saw, the language right here (ira Agrippinae citra ultima stetit, 12.22.3) is equivalent to a passage in Ovid’s Tristia 2.127 (citraque necem tua constitit ira) describing the emperor’s energy to impose loss of life on his subjects.34 Lollia used to be no longer so lucky: a tribune used to be despatched to compel her to devote suicide. Tacitus doesn't let us know who gave the.
particularly pointed picture for a lady whose political effect has been inextricably attached to her ability for exploiting her sexual powers. disadvantaged of her political status, Tacitus’s Agrippina is, like her mom, a simple mark for an accusation of treason. The cost got here by the hands of a former girlfriend, yet now a sour enemy nervous for revenge. Junia Silana, a lady whom the historian describes as “outstanding in delivery, attractiveness, and wantonness” (13.19.2) and “a very pricey friend”.
Her is a crescent (RPC 4859). That Agrippina is to be understood the following as a few kind of fertility goddess ninety. The editors of RPC notice (p. fifty one) that whereas the participants of the imperial family members seem in a slightly haphazard method at the provincial coinage within the early years of Claudius’s reign, the wedding to Agrippina and the adoption of Nero are mirrored in a resurgence in dynastic pix within the emperor’s final years. ninety one. Banti and Simonetti, CNR sixteen, fifty eight no. 20 (followed by way of wooden 1999, 292–293),.
Cult of her husband within the urban rests on an uncorrected model of IGR IV 1104 and the inconclusive facts of Ditt., Syll.3 VISUALIZING AGRIPPINA one zero one within the West additionally, Agrippina’s identity with Ceres/Demeter was once presaged through prior assimilations of imperial ladies to the goddess. Livia was once commemorated as Ceres Augusta on inscriptions from the island of Gaulos close to Malta (ILS 121) and Lepcis Magna (IRT p. 88, n. 269).203 now we have quite a few examples in glyptic paintings of Livia (e.g., Megow 1995.
Sons, Tiberius and Drusus, are termed the princeps’ stepsons and are set opposed to his grandsons, Gaius and Lucius Caesar. while the latter are quickly carried off, it really is because the results of both “premature ordinary loss of life” or “the treachery in their stepmother Livia” (mors fato propera vel novercae Liviae dolus, 1.3.3). Their deaths and the next banishment of Augustus’s last grandson, Agrippa Postumus—at the open urging of Livia, Tacitus says, instead of as formerly via her motherly.