Semantics, Second Edition (Palgrave Modern Linguistics)
--generalized quantifier theory
--thematic roles and lexical conceptual structure
--tense and point, together with Discourse illustration Theory
Bass. b there have been lighting exhibiting and the door stood open. c The airport used to be closed and all ferry journeys have been cancelled. This normal trend is attribute of logical connectives, that are truthfunctional: the reality worth for a posh proposition shaped with a truthfunctional connective will be calculated easily from the reality values of the joined propositions, with out relating the content material of the propositions. so much common language expressions for connecting sentences should not.
desire a couple of easy logical ideas. the 1st is Leibniz's legislation, often referred to as the Indiscernibility of Identicals. Leibniz's legislation (the Indiscernibility of Identicals) If A and B are exact, something that is precise of A is additionally real of B, and vice versa. keep in mind that the be aware exact the following capability `having an identical identity', and doesn't suggest `having an analogous visual appeal' because it does after we communicate of exact twins. So A and B are exact implies that A and B are one and an identical factor. In.
Analysed as cases of scopal version. different readings in (1) could be represented as in (2). (2) propositional perspective, particular a Mary desires to purchase a Norton (she is negotiating with the owner.) [A x: NORTON(x)] WANT(m, BUY(m, x)) propositional angle, nonspecific b Mary desires to purchase a Norton (she will search for one on the Biker Meet.) WANT(m,[A x: NORTON(x)] BUY(m, x)) As with opacity, particular and nonspecific ambiguities additionally look in modal contexts, as illustrated in (3). Again,.
basic make a restoration on few events. at the much more likely readings for (39) the quantificational adverb binds the variable brought by way of the naked plural topic, as proven in (41). (41)a canines are frequently noisy. [Many x: DOG(x)] NOISY(x) `Many canine are noisy' b Encyclopedias are typically pricey. [Most x: ENCYCLOPAEDIA(x)] EXPENSIVE(x) `Most encyclopaedias are dear' c sufferers with this disease seldom get well. [Few x: sufferer WITH THIS DISORDER(x)] RECOVER(x) `Few sufferers with this.
Logical Modality 3.1.2 Epistemic Modality 3.1.3 Deontic Modality 3.2 Modality and attainable Worlds 3.2.1 Interdefinability with Negation 3.3 Counterfactuals routines additional examining bankruptcy four normal Language Quantifiers 4.1 traditional Language Quantifiers and primary Order good judgment 4.2 constrained Quantifiers 4.2.1 Scopal Ambiguity 4.3 Quantificational Determiners in Generalized Quantifier concept 4.3.1 Set Theoretic Definitions 4.3.2 kinds of Quantifiers 4.3.3 Few and plenty of 4.3.4 Few and some.