The Continuum Companion to Phonology
Notes on members vii Editors’ advent xi
Part I: study Methodology
1 technique in box Phonology 3
2 technique in Phonological Acquisition 16
Tania S. Zamuner and Elizabeth ok. Johnson
Part II: learn Issues
three positive factors 33
Bert Botma, Nancy C. Kula and Kuniya Nasukawa
four Syllables 64
five rigidity 95
6 Derivations 135
7 Constraint-Based Phonology 174
eight Phonetics-Phonology Interface 202
nine Syntax-Phonology Interface 225
Anthi Revithiadou and Vassilios Spyropoulos
10 signal Language Phonology 254
Chloë R. Marshall
11 Phonological Acquisition 278
12 moment Language Phonology 298
Heidi Altmann and Bariş Kabak
13 Phonological issues 320
Dirk-Bart den Ouden
Part III: New Directions
14 Laboratory Phonology 343
15 Usage-Based Phonology 369
Part IV: historical past of the Field
16 matters within the improvement of Generative Phonology 397
Bibliography 447 Language Index 513 topic Index 515
self reliant of the grownup objective with no attention of no matter if young children produce the grownup goal thoroughly. Relational analyses degree children’s productions as they relate to the grownup objective shape (Stoel-Gammon, 1985; Stoel-Gammon and Sosa, 2006). 29 NKula_02_Final.indd 29 10/1/2010 9:54:58 AM This web page deliberately left clean Part II examine concerns NKula_03_Final.indd 31 10/1/2010 10:41:27 AM This web page deliberately left clean 3 beneficial properties Bert Botma, Nancy C. Kula and Kuniya.
preliminary /j, w/. even supposing the eﬀect of the prefix on such varieties is the main dramatic, the research that we propose for this pa ern is simple: we recommend that /N-/ hyperlinks to the phonation portion of the root-initial consonant, from which it spreads rightwards to all eligible objectives. this is often proven in determine 3.8 for the shape /N-jomo/ ‘my lady’ (cf. (20)), the place do ed organization strains point out spreading of |L| to every nasalizable aim. determine 3.8 fifty seven NKula_03_Final.indd fifty seven 10/1/2010.
Allomorph with ultimate tension could win, anything that less than a loyal review may lead to the incorrect floor constitution with penultimate pressure within the nominative case as proven in Tableau 5.4. notice that we're nonetheless simply conversing approximately underlying representations right here. There are ways in which can make an antepenultimately under pressure illustration win within the nominative case and a penultimately under pressure illustration within the genitive case. One is that untrue floor buildings assign tension.
The underlying illustration is the only real determinant of rule functionality. This includes that the applying of a rule isn't really aﬀected via the applying of the other rule – there's no rule interplay. As Kenstowicz and Kisseberth (1979: 291–307) convey, this includes that simultaneous rule program can in simple terms take care of counterbleeding and counterfeeding interactions, yet no longer feeding or bleeding interactions. a few of the matters concerning simultaneous and random sequential program we've got been.
now not the one position the place phonological generalizations carry. There also are phonotactic generalizations; for instance, many languages let simply open syllables. In English, any triconsonantal cluster word-initially is topic to heavy phonotactic regulations: the 1st aspect needs to be /s/, the second one aspect a unvoiced cease /p,t,k/, the 3rd point a liquid /l,r/, with the extra restrict that /tl/ is an most unlikely cluster.2 This reduces the variety of attainable triliteral clusters to.