The Jews in the Greek Age
Elias J. Bickerman
Original 12 months of publication: 1990
Written via one of many maximum students of Judaism within the Hellenistic interval, Bickerman provocative paintings represents, within the phrases of Gerson Cohen's "Foreword," Bickerman's "final statement" on Judaism within the Seleucid interval. this actual interval used to be Bickerman's forte, so it is just traditional that it may even be his significant contribution to the learn of Jewish historical past of that interval, the interval of formation of Hellenistic Jewish tradition: from Alexander the good to Maccabees.
This very important interval in Jewish heritage is hard to review a result of scarcity of assets and the shortcoming of significant challenge. by way of carrying on with pleasant to Jews Persian rules, Greeks were capable of generate plenty of reliable will at the a part of the Jewish humans until eventually the surprising and probably inexplicable swap and cruel persecution of the Judaism.
Bickerman makes an attempt to lead a reader to the knowledge of ways whatever like that can occurred and gives a few rules that experience now not met common approval, specifically that the persecution may be considered extra in gentle of intra-Jewish strength fight, instead of due to Antiochus anti-Semitism.
"Every pupil of Hellenism should still learn this ebook. it really is simply the main obtainable account of Judaism during this interval, and as such can be on the best on any analyzing list... Bickerman's paintings is full of insights that finished students may benefit from."
-- William H. King
Comparative Civilizations Review
Source: Amazon.com Retail AZW3
The Delian worship of Sarapis got here to be totally autonomous of the "mother church," even supposing the clergymen in Memphis most likely seemed down on any clergy or any worship outdoor the holy land of Horus. In Judaism, notwithstanding, an Aaronite outdoors Zion had no sacral services to accomplish; he might officiate neither at Delos nor at Alexandria. nonetheless, in a global the place the supply of a letter from the Jordan to the Nile took weeks no less than, centrifugal forces inevitably strained the diaspora's ties to.
one other Jewish (or Samaritan) author proposed that Abraham had taught the technology of the celebrities, stumbled on by means of Enoch, to the Phoenicians and Egyptians. For Philo, Abraham advanced from idolatry to stargazing, and thence, through advantage of his personal reasoning, to the invention that the physique of universe was once ruled through an intelligence. Abraham's departure from Chaldea symbolizes his abandonment of astral worship. Josephus, or extra most likely a resource he makes use of, updates and corrects the astronomical.
comprehend Enoch, Jubilees, and the remainder as reflections of the tips and the old events of the interval, we must not ever put out of your mind that those books replicate just a selected and restricted region of the Jewish lifestyles and the Jewish brain of the time. Our resources, nearly with out exception, let us to determine their authors and the period purely from a non secular point of view. however the Jewishness of even religious Jews used to be just one element in their lives and thought-worlds. They labored and rested, traveled and paid.
Epigraphik, 33 (1979), 131-138. Galili, E. "Raphia 217 B.C.E. Revisited.'' Scripta Classica Israelica, three (1976-1977), 52-126. Landau, Y. H. "A Greek Inscription came across close to Hepzibah." IEJ, sixteen (1966), 54-70. Taeubler, E. "Jerusalem 201-199 B.C.E." JQR, 37 (1946-1947), 1-30, 125-137, 240-263. Gerousia Mantel, H. reviews within the background of the Sanhedrin. 1961. Rivkin, H. "Beth Din, Boule, Sanhedrin: A Tragedy of Errors." HUCA, forty six (1975), 181-199. excessive Priest Mantel, H. "The improvement of the.
the concept that illegal career can't create proprietary correct used to be a pillar of Greek legislation and used to be authorised by way of the rabbis. it may possibly also have been recognized within the overseas legislation of the pre-Greek Levant. The idea of immutable barriers is biblical: Israel used to be warned to not take loads as a foot of the land of Esau. The Achaemenids, too, seemed Asia as their valid area and resented Greek claims to it. nevertheless, Greek historians by no means impugned the Jewish correct to Palestine and.