The Locative Syntax of Experiencers (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)
Experiencers--grammatical members that endure a undeniable mental swap or are in this sort of state--are grammatically detailed. As items (John scared Mary; loud track annoys me), experiencers exhibit unusual clusters of nonobject homes throughout varied languages: their syntax is usually average of indirect arguments and their semantic scope is general of topics. within the Locative Syntax of Experiencers, Idan Landau investigates this confusing correlation and argues that experiencers are syntactically coded as (mental) destinations. Drawing on effects from various languages and theoretical frameworks, Landau examines the far-reaching repercussions of this straightforward declare. Landau exhibits that each one experiencer gadgets are grammaticalized as locative words, brought by means of a dative/locative preposition. "Bare" experiencer items are in reality indirect, too, the preposition being null. This preposition bills for the indirect psych(ological) houses, attested in case alternations, cliticization, resumption, regulations on passive formation, etc. As locatives, item experiencers could endure locative inversion, giving upward thrust to the typical phenomenon of quirky experiencers. while covert, this inversion endows item experiencers with huge scope, attested up to the mark, binding, and wh-quantifier interactions. Landau's synthesis therefore offers a singular technique to many of the oldest puzzles within the generative research of mental verbs. The Locative Syntax of Experiencers deals the main finished description of the syntax of mental verbs to this point, documenting their exact homes in additional than twenty languages. Its simple theoretical declare is instantly translatable into replacement frameworks. current debts of mental verbs both give some thought to only a few languages or fail to include different theoretical frameworks; this examine takes a broader viewpoint, proficient by means of findings of 4 many years of research
idea o¤ers a chic technique to this predicament, whereas conserving to the main that structural demotion isn't really to be had in UG. it truly is exactly the declare that item experiencers are LF (quirky) topics that distinguishes our account from such a lot earlier bills. think, as is believable, that the adjuncts below dialogue all connect on the TP point —sisters to T zero or TP. think additional that Williams (1992) is right in reading adjunct regulate as a case of (secondary) predication, and permit.
This dam]. d. *What2 would it not kill the wooded area [PROarb to construct t2 ]? ponder now the results of the current research. The method in (189) could be carried over in toto—except for (189d-i). keep in mind that we've got prompted di¤erent constructions for ObjExp verbs: In stative verbs, the experiencer is certainly the better argument within the vice chairman shell, but eventive ones merge the causer as an exterior argument, above the experiencer. The account of Landau (2001) therefore covers in basic terms the stative verbs.
Direct item experiencers within the language. The indirect situations are of 2 forms: (i) Comitative stative verbs, which take a pleonastic topic and introduce the experiencer with the postposition –ł ‘with’ (see (18) above); (ii) Causative verbs, taking place with a variety of prepositions. The latter kind is illustrated lower than. (33) a. sha´ ho´o´chłi˛˛id. 1s-for ho-3-cause turn into nasty ‘He made me mad.’ (Lit., ‘He made ‘‘things’’ develop into nasty for me.’) b. shiyaa hodeexiz. 1s-under ho-3-caused to spin ‘He.
65–92. Verma, Manindra K., and ok. P. Mohanan, eds. 1990. Experiencer topics in South Asian languages. Stanford: CSLI courses. Wasow, Thomas. 1972. Anaphoric relatives in English. Doctoral dissertation, MIT. Williams, Edwin. 1992. Adjunct keep watch over. In Richard Larson, S. Iatridou, U. Lahiri, and J. Higginbotham, eds., keep watch over and grammar, 297–322. Dordrecht: Kluwer. Zaenen, Annie, Joan Maling, and Hvskuldur Thra´insson. 1985. Case and grammatical features: The Icelandic passive. typical.
instructions for the sequence. Samuel Jay Keyser for the Editorial Board Acknowledgments This monograph has drastically beneﬁted from the beneficiant enter of many acquaintances and associates. a few made passing observations; others supplied painstaking theoretical critique. Many needed to tolerate my unending queries for information of their local tongues. in the course of its six-year background, it gone through numerous models and underwent a variety of revisions. whether it is now any toward fact than it was once on the beginning,.