The Modern Greek Language: A Descriptive Analysis of Standard Modern Greek
the 1st entire survey of normal glossy Greek, this publication bargains a descriptive research of the constitution of the language and of present-day utilization, highlighting the dialogue with examples drawn from a large pass component of spoken, written, and literary assets.
yes articles τόν and την, definite pronouns (cf. 188.8.131.52), and the indefinite article and numeral evav. (One may possibly upload, for previous demotic, the conjunction av 'if and the conjunction and preposition σάν 'when; like', that are ordinarily written and spoken with the ultimate /n/ (v) in all environments today.) cautious writers of demotic will often take care to abide via those ideas, even if in perform the /n/ is usually written or stated even the place it truly is superfluous. the subsequent are examples of.
'subjunctive' verb endings is changed via -et- (as for 'indicative'). (v) the diaeresis, which distinguishes a real diphthong from a digraph, can be passed over whilst the 1st of the 2 vowels of the diphthong bears an accessory or respiring (e.g. γάιδαρος 'donkey', yet γαϊδάρου (gen.) ). this is often the root of the simplified old orthography used all through this booklet. (For info of the monotonie procedure see Appendix II.) 1.10 PUNCTUATION no use be stated approximately punctuation conventions in MG.
Fallen in love with you' (σ' αγαπάω Ί love you'); κατάλαβες; 'did you understand?; do you understand?' (καταλαβαίνω Ί [begin to] understand'); κρύωσα Ί (suddenly) felt chilly; i have stuck chilly' (κρυώνω VOICE, element, A N D annoying ,129 Ί get/feel/catch cold'); αρρώστησε '(s)he grew to become ailing; (s)he's sick' (αρρωσταίνω Ί turn into ill'); βαρέθηκα Ί acquired bored stiff; i am bored to death' (βαριέμαι 'I'm bored; i am getting fed up'). in lots of circumstances, the perfective previous may be rendered in English through the current ideal. (The.
That SMG has constructed, spreading geographically and socially to such an quantity that it has principally displaced neighborhood dialects and certain parlances. this day the speech (even the pronunciation) of reasonably expert humans from all components of Greece has a tendency to be hardly ever distinguishable from that of an Athenian. The Salonican (or northerner commonly) 33 THE smooth GREEK LANGUAGE can give himself away by means of the accusative rather than the genitive for the oblique item, or by way of his 'dark'.
however, someone who used the -άω/-άει endings for verbs with extra technical meanings (e.g. τό νερό δια&λάει τό φως 'water refracts light', for διαθλά) could be accused of 'hyperdemoticization'. however, the preferred development is surely in the direction of making all verbs of sophistication 2 take the endings in III. finally, there are a few verbs whose endings reveal a edition among -ίζω and -άω between audio system, and will for this reason take both I or II endings (e.g. ξεφτίζει, or ξεφτάει 'it's.