The Phonology of Catalan (The Phonology of the World's Languages)
this is often the main complete account of Catalan phonology ever released. Catalan is a Romance language, occupying a place someplace among French, Spanish, and Italian. it's the first language of six and a part million humans within the northeastern Spain and of the peoples of Andorra, French Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and a small sector of Sardinia. Dr Wheeler describes Barcelona pronunciation and the most important kinds of western Catalonia, Valencia, and Majorca, and considers social and stylistic variation.
The author's procedure is thru a transparent, pragmatic model of orthodox Optimality conception and is proficient by way of shut cognizance to articulatory phonetics. He contains a titanic account of post-lexical (phrasal) phonology and has designed his method of be of extreme use to these looking both to appreciate the phonology and morphology of Catalan and its kinds or to set those inside a comparative or typological point of view. After an advent to the kinds of Catalan the writer devotes chapters to section inventories; syllable constitution; phrasal phonology; coda voicing; coda position; cluster relief; epenthesis; pressure and prosody; note phonology and allomorphy; and the syllabification of pronominal clitics. The ebook is absolutely referenced and encompasses a finished bibliography. it really is more likely to be the traditional account of its topic for lots of years.
Context the place the corresponding easy cease used to be excluded. substitute suggestions also are on hand to interpretation C for context (5g): both C[þsonorant]Z#, which has the beneWts of this enter in interpretation B in making epenthesis persist with obviously as a fix to the minimal Sonority Distance violation, or C[þsonorant]JV#, which 20 phonological primitives and phase inventories Ñ Ñ baixar [b@ Sa] ‘lowerV’ despatxos [d@s pa tSÜ us] ‘oYces’ Ñ baix [baS] ‘low’ despatx [d@s patSÜ ].
Southern Valencian dialectal type of esquerre, cigar ‘cigar’, an artiWcial dictionary shape for cigarro, whose derivatives have intervocalic [r], and tor, a sort of torre ‘tower’ discovered in simple terms in position names similar to l. a. Tor de Querol. 28 phonological primitives and section inventories Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ masculine /þo/ suYx. There are an exceptional ranking of those, together with burro ‘donkey’, carro ‘cart’, ferro ‘iron’, esguerro ‘bungling’, gerro ‘jug’, llobarro ‘sea-perch’, and porro ‘leek’. The.
length, . voicing in the course of friction, and . transitions to the subsequent phase. The transition cues for voice in fricatives also are prone to be masked by means of a following nasal, and maybe via a liquid in addition, or really, speciWcally by means of a liquid after a homorganic fricative. Neutralization þ voice assimilation Ð Ð turns out entrenched for [Sl], [Sr], [ l], [ r] in a diVerent approach than with [X], [fr], the place the fricative is obviously unvoiced, and [vl], [vr] appear extra like unintentional gaps, as pointed out.
Coda, it's immaterial even if the subsequent phase is within the comparable coda or in an onset. instance (27b) lower than exhibits pots ‘can.2sg’ [pOts#] $ [pOd.z#V]. (24) c o d a vo i c i n g n e u t r a l i z at i o n a n d a s s i m i l at i o n / sab# riw e/ [ sap] + [ riw ] J 162 AGREE(voice) IDENTWdPhr[±voice] eJ ) sab. riw IDENTI-O [±voice]Onset eJ * sap. riw *[+vce, −son] * eJ *! AGREE(voice) » IDENTWd-Phr[±voice] 5.5 WORD-FINAL SIBILANTS instance set (6) additionally illustrates the truth that.
Vowels /a_a.) Gestural mixing contains gestures that are compromises among the pursuits of the 2 adjoining consonants; hence gestural mixing quantities to mutual coarticulation or mutual assimilation. Recasens recognizes that coarticulation, assimilation, and gestural mixing are issues on a continuum of contextual model of articulation. desk 6.2 prompt characteristic type for position of articulation of varieties represented in desk 6.1 (modified from Bonet & Lloret (1998: 127–8),.