The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History of Personal Identity

The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History of Personal Identity

Raymond Martin

This e-book lines the improvement of theories of the self and private id from the traditional Greeks to the current day. From Plato and Aristotle to Freud and Foucault, Raymond Martin and John Barresi discover the works of a variety of thinkers and exhibit the bigger highbrow developments, controversies, and ideas that experience revolutionized the way in which we expect approximately ourselves.

The authors open with historical Greece, the place the tips of Plato, Aristotle, and the materialistic atomists laid the basis for destiny theories. They then speak about the guidelines of the church fathers and medieval and Renaissance philosophers, together with St. Paul, Philo, Augustine, Aquinas, and Montaigne. of their insurance of the emergence of a brand new mechanistic belief of nature within the 17th century, Martin and Barresi be aware a shift clear of non secular and simply philosophical notions of self and private identification to extra clinical and social conceptions, a development that has persisted to the current day. They discover smooth philosophy and psychology, together with the origins of alternative traditions inside of every one self-discipline, and clarify either the theoretical relevance of feminism and gender and ethnic stories and in addition the ways in which Derrida and different contemporary thinkers have challenged the very concept that a unified self or own identification even exists.

Martin and Barresi conceal a few matters broached via philosophers and psychologists, corresponding to the life of a set and unchanging self and even if the idea that of the soul has a use open air of spiritual contexts. They deal with the query of no matter if notions of the soul and the self are nonetheless workable in state-of-the-art global. jointly, they show the interesting ways that nice thinkers have grappled with those and different questions and the incredible effect their principles have had at the improvement of self-understanding within the west.

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