The Syntax-Morphology Interface: A Study of Syncretism (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics)
Syncretism--where a unmarried shape serves or extra morphosyntactic functions--is a continual challenge on the syntax-morphology interface. It effects from a 'mismatch', wherein the syntax of a language makes a specific contrast, however the morphology doesn't. This pioneering e-book presents the 1st full-length research of inflectional syncretism, proposing a typology of its incidence throughout quite a lot of languages. it will likely be welcomed through linguists drawn to the relation among phrases and the bigger devices of which they're a half.
instance comes from the Pilbara languages, a gaggle of Pama-Nyungan languages spoken in Western Australia, the place cut up ergativity indicates various cut-off issues within the various languages of the crowd, allowing the extrapolation of the hierarchy in (9): (9) 1SG > 2SG > 1INCL DU > 1INCL PL > 2DU > 2PL > three >this > that > indefinite > animate > meat, vegetable > different inanimate (Dench 2001: 122) Cross-linguistic typology of good points forty five one could see this because the conjunction of numerous part.
middle: small and around items) lengthy and skinny, string-like gadgets inanimates; efficient for deverbal or denominal summary nouns 1. beverages (productive for borrowings) 2. pointed gadgets bushes and tree-like crops 43.4% 27.3% 15.4% 4.3% 3.2% 3.1% three% The i/N gender is a semantically diffuse type of inanimates, that's distinctive from different genders in either the singular and plural. Of the remainder genders, the plural types lend themselves even more with no trouble to semantic characterization than the.
Gender non-male plant Ø nj-dja ma-ya- even if, this debts for just one of the 2 syncretic styles chanced on with verbs; I/IV syncretism can't be accommodated with this hierarchy. basically values that are adjoining at the hierarchy could be defined as syncretic, in view that any unspecified price will default down the hierarchy to the subsequent such a lot particular price. This interprets right into a picture rule of thumb: there's a unmarried linear order of values, and simply values that are adjoining should be defined as.
Analyses are legitimate, and with the intention to have an organization foundation for comparing them. 5.1 community Morphology and syncretism we will exhibit our analyses in the community Morphology framework. it really is in keeping with the next rules: (1) Morphology is lexeme-based. which means lexical goods in a community Morphology research are handled as generalizations over their inflectional paradigms.1 Informally, the foundations of morphology are for this reason features from lexical goods into units of inflected kinds. A moment.
information regarding the main abnormal merchandise that it may mix with. We illustrate this additional in x5.1.1. 1 we're aside from from this definition idioms and cliche´s (such as ‘throw down the gauntlet’) that are indexed lexically. in spite of the fact that, even for goods comparable to those it's nonetheless very important to supply their inflectional variations (such as ‘John threw down the gauntlet’, and so on). Formal framework and case reports 173 one other estate of community Morphology is that it makes use of default inheritance.