The Syntax of Spanish (Cambridge Syntax Guides)
This transparent and well-organized e-book is an advent to Spanish syntax that assumes no previous wisdom of present thought. Following a descriptive evaluate of the key features of the grammar, it describes evidence approximately Spanish, comparable to its notice order, notions of "subject", "direct object", "auxiliary verb" etc... The ebook combines conventional grammatical description with views won from fresh examine within the rules and Parameters framework. It additionally provides invaluable theoretical strategies equivalent to semantic roles, Case, and Predication.
(no-adverbverb) produces constituent negation for the adverb: (133) Susana no siempre canta tangos (a veces canta boleros). S. no longer continuously sings tangos (at occasions sings boleros) “Susana doesn’t consistently sing tangos, she occasionally sings boleros.”52 (134) Pablo no sólo leyó ese periódico (además leyó dos libros). P. not just learn that paper (also learn books) “Pablo didn’t purely learn that paper, (he) additionally learn books.” (135) ?Juan no inmediatamente movió el coche. J. no longer instantly moved the.
Lo hice fue en el verano. (Colombia Lipski 1994:215) CL(Acc.) do-pa.3rd.sg. be-pret.3rd.sg. in the summertime “I did it within the summer.” Overview of the grammar seventy one en l. a. ﬁesta. (Panama Lipski 1994:301) CL(Acc.) meet-pret.1st.sg. be-pret.3rd.sg. on the celebration “Where I met him used to be on the party.” c. Me ﬁjaba period en los angeles luz. CL(1st.sg.) pay attention-imp.1st.sg. be-imp.3rd.sg. to the sunshine “What i used to be taking note of used to be the [traﬃc] light.” (Panama Lipski 1994:301) b. Lo conocí fue The.
As its topic. Likewise, vice chairman relies of a topic. In (14), vice president is in a conﬁguration that satisﬁes Predication. even if the vice chairman and the topic DP should not jointly c-commanding, (Chapter 2, part 2.2.2), they fulfill a marginally “looser” conﬁgurational requirement: mutual m-command.2 2 M-command is deﬁned as in (i): (i) ␣ m-commands ␤ iﬀ ␣ doesn't dominate ␤ and each maximal projection that dominates ␣ dominates ␤. In (14), the topic and vice president m-command one another, considering neither dominates.
Predication), the covert pronoun is inserted within the Speciﬁer of IP, the place it's assigned Case, and the place it additionally triggers subject–verb contract. the most clause in (24a) has a “grammatical” topic – person who has grammatical positive factors, and Case, however it has no semantic content material, which follows from the truth that it isn't assigned a Theta-role. Now think about (24b). the topic of the most clause does have semantic content material, which means it needs to undergo a Theta-role. notwithstanding, this position can't have.
different prepositions. an accessory headed through a preposition can normally get replaced via a diﬀerent adjunct, headed by way of a diﬀerent preposition: (38) Recibí un mensaje . . . “I got a message . . . a. de José. from José.” b. para Susana. for Susana.” c. por teléfono. through phone.” d. en l. a. biblioteca. within the library.” e. durante los angeles conferencia. throughout the lecture.” in contrast, the preposition that heads a PP supplement is usually “ﬁxed,” and exchanging the preposition produces ungrammaticality:.