The Tigre Language of Ginda, Eritrea: Short Grammar and Texts (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics)
In "The Tigre Language of Ginda, Eritrea," David L. Elias files the dialect of the Tigre language that's spoken within the city of Ginda in japanese Eritrea. whereas the language of Tigre is spoken through probably 1000000 humans in Eritrea and Sudan, the inhabitants of Ginda is fewer than 50,000 humans. Elias describes easy elements of phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicography. not like different dialects of Tigre, of which nearly a dozen were pointed out, Tigre of Ginda indicates the single recorded examples in Tigre of gender-specific first individual possessives, e.g. nye my eye (masc) vs. n e my eye (masc/fem), and a brand new kind of the unfavourable of the verb of life, yahallanni there's not . touch with Arabic and Tigrinya has led to a number of loanwords and some biforms in Tigre of Ginda ."
‘small head’ *not attested* Cf. Wörterbuch raʾasetāy diminutive. ğənā ‘child’ ~ gərəs ‘infant’ ~ ʾalgat ‘baby’ Cf. MTN ğənetāy-M, ğənetat-F ‘little child’.18 3.13 Days of the Week the times of the week are as follows: desk nine Days of the Week sanbat nəʾəš sanbat ʿabbay ʾətnin ʾattalud ʾarrabəʿ kamiš ğəmʿat 17 18 P. 176. P. fifty five. ‘Saturday’ ‘Sunday’ ‘Monday’ ‘Tuesday’ ‘Wednesday’ ‘Thursday’ ‘Friday’ 58 3.14 bankruptcy three Adjectives—Gender and quantity normally, adjectives are.
Suffix is utilized: ḳatlo ‘they kill’ ~ ḳattulo ‘they kill him’. within the current corpus the 3MP IPRF + 3MS item suffix isn't attested. nine “Verb,” p. 7, and TGT, pp. 68–70. In “Observations” (p. 132) Leslau updates his dialogue in “Verb” by means of indicating that “the common expression of the long run is ʾəgəl + jussive + tu.” morphology—verbs seventy nine salas baṭro THREE THEY-M-STOP ‘they cease at 3’ (Making espresso, line eight) wa- məsəl ʾəndarrəs ṭabʿan AND TOGETHER WE-STUDY obviously.
‘kindle fire’. This verb isn't present in Wörterbuch. See 7.1.6 for dialogue of verbs borrowed from Arabic. 118 bankruptcy four 4.16.1 ʾa-A Verbs II-guttural II-guttural ʾ in r-ʾ-O (ʾa-A ‘show’) doesn't produce a legitimate switch within the attested ideal varieties. For different verbs III-weak, see 4.16.4 under. (294) excellent (with III-weak): ʾarʾa ‘he confirmed’ ʾarʾeka ‘you-MS confirmed’ 4.16.2 ʾa-A Verbs III-guttural One ʾa-A verb III-guttural happened within the corpus, 3FS ideal ʾafrahattanni ‘it-F.
very important’ (Coffee rite, line eight) mən ğabanat māy gabbiʾ dibā WHEN COFFEE-BOTTLE WATER IT-M-GOES INTO-IT-F ‘when, as for the espresso bottle, water is going into it’ (Making espresso, line 12) Cf. 6.2.3 for suffixed prepositional words akin to ğabanat . . . dibā. ʿəmərna la- ʾayyām lahay walad səs sanat tu laOUR-AGE DEF DAYS THAT-M baby SIX YEAR COP-3MS REL ʿala la- ʿəmər nayna IT-M-WAS REL/DEF AGE GEN-1CP ‘as for our age, in these days six years is what our age was’.
ʿarabi ‘Arabic (school)’ (Ḥamid and that i, line 2) 2.14.3 āy virtually each prevalence of āy is discovered as [aj] or [æj]. phonology (33) 27 [ʔasɨkma tæsˈʕaj ʔasɨkˈʕasɾajbæsʾˈħana] ʾasək- mā tāsʿāy ʾasək ʿāsrāy baṣḥana UNTIL OR NINTH UNTIL 10th WE-REACHED ‘we reached 9th or 10th grade’ (Ḥamid and that i, line four) [dibhaˈɡaj] dib ḥagāy ‘in summer time’ (Gindaʿ, line four) [ʕasˈɾæj] ʿāsrāy ‘tenth’ (Ḥamid and that i, line five) 2.15 VyV Sequences the next VyV sequences are attested: aya ayā.