Twilight of the Idols: How to Philosophize with a Hammer (Friedrich Nietzsche)

Twilight of the Idols: How to Philosophize with a Hammer (Friedrich Nietzsche)

Twilight of the Idols

 Friedrich Nietzsche

Text ready from the unique German and the translations by means of Walter Kaufmann and R.J. Hollingdale

Twilight of the Idols, or, find out how to Philosophize with a Hammer (German: Götzen-Dämmerung, oder, Wie guy mit dem Hammer philosophirt) is a ebook via Friedrich Nietzsche, written in 1888, and released in 1889.

Twilight of the Idols was once written in exactly over per week, among 26 August and three September 1888, whereas Nietzsche was once on vacation in Sils-Maria. As Nietzsche's popularity and recognition used to be spreading either in and out Germany, he felt that he wanted a textual content that may function a quick advent to his paintings. initially titled A Psychologist's Idleness, it used to be renamed Twilight of the Idols or find out how to Philosophize with a Hammer.

The latter identify, Götzen-Dämmerung in German, is a pun at the identify of Richard Wagner's opera, Götterdämmerung, or 'Twilight of the Gods'. Götze is a German observe for "idol" or "false god". Walter Kaufmann has advised that during his use of the notice Nietzsche can be indebted to Francis Bacon.

Nietzsche criticizes German tradition of the day as unsophisticated and nihilistic, and shoots a few disapproving arrows at key French, British, and Italian cultural figures who symbolize related traits. not like most of these alleged representatives of cultural "decadence", Nietzsche applauds Caesar, Napoleon, Goethe, Thucydides and the Sophists as more healthy and enhanced varieties. The booklet states the transvaluation of all values as Nietzsche's ultimate and most vital venture, and provides a view of antiquity in which the Romans for as soon as take priority over the traditional Greeks.

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