Warsaw 1920: Lenin's Failed Conquest of Europe

Warsaw 1920: Lenin's Failed Conquest of Europe

Adam Zamoyski


The dramatic and little-known tale of the way, in the summertime of 1920, Lenin got here inside a hair's breadth of shattering the painstakingly built Versailles peace cost and spreading Bolshevism to western Europe. In 1920 the hot Soviet country used to be a large number, following a brutal civil battle, and the way of making sure its survival to export the revolution to Germany, itself economically ruined by way of defeat in global warfare I and racked by way of inner political dissension. among Russia and Germany lay Poland, a country that had in simple terms simply recovered its independence after greater than a century of overseas oppression. however it was once economically and militarily susceptible and its faulty offensive to disencumber the Ukraine within the spring of 1920 laid it open to assault. Egged on through Trotsky, Lenin introduced a big westward strengthen below the fancy Marshal Tukhachevsky. All that groovy Britain and France had fought for over 4 years now appeared in danger. through the center of August the Russians have been just a couple of kilometres from Warsaw, and Berlin used to be below a week's march away. Then happened the 'Miracle of the Vistula': the Polish military led by means of Jozef Pilsudski regrouped and accomplished the most decisive victories in army historical past. consequently, the Versailles peace cost survived, and Lenin was once compelled to accept Communism in a single nation. The conflict for Warsaw received Europe approximately 20 years of peace, and communism remained a often Russian phenomenon, subsuming some of the autocratic and Byzantine features of Russia's tsarist culture.

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